The oldest history of the town

The oldest history of the town

Stará kolonáda 2As we have already said the first mention about our town is going as far as the second half of the 14th century (1381 – according to a chronicle of the Frýdlant Manor). From that time we have some information about healing effects of a local spring. Thanks to many pilgrims who were coming from Lusatia for a visit of a pilgrimage church in Hejnice, Libverda became known to its neighborhood as early as in 15th century. It was mainly thanks to a spring of “God’s water” that gave refreshment to the above mentioned pilgrims. At first only one spring was available. And even some famous monarchs used it to cure themselves – Saxon sovereign Augustus I or duke Albrecht of Valdstein, who suffering of syphilidis and had the water delivered after him wherever he went to.

In the middle of the 16th century there were 40 estates – 21 farmers, 1 gardener, 10 farm labourers and 8 cottage owners. Then there was a mill, a saw mill and three black-smiths`. According to a list of peasants, produced in 1651 and based on their religion, number of inhabitants was 113.

In 1771 number plates, as in many other villages, were put onto houses. Number one was usually given to a pub. There were 68 houses at that time, and by 1786 the number increased to 78.

Stará kolonáda 1After Earl Piliph Joseph Gallas` death in 1757, the Frydlant Manor was inherited by his nephew Kristian Philip Clam with one condition – that he and his descendants would use the name Gallas next to their own name, and that they would also use a Gallas coat-of-arms. And so a new family branch of Clam-Gallas came into its existence. It was this new owner of the Manor who is considered a founder of the present spa.